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One-Piece Implants Study

Minimal Invasive Modality for Full Rehabilitation of Edentulous Mandible with One-Piece Implants in Elderly Patients

Case studies | By Henri Diederich

Henri Diederich*
Dental Clinic Henri Diederich, UK
Submission: March 28, 2018; Published: April 11, 2018
*Corresponding author: Henri Diederich, Dental Clinic Henri Diederich, Luxembourg, UK, Tel: +352621144664; Email: [email protected]


Abstract


One-piece implants encourage the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques in restoring edentulous spaces with minimal postoperative
discomfort and excellent implant survival rate.

The compressive one-piece implant can be used for multiple unit restorations with immediate loading in the upper and lower jaws. It can
also be used in combination with a conventional implant and it can be placed flapless.

The presented case reports offering a treatment modality and procedure of mandibular rehabilitation involving the functional restoration of
a mandibular fully edentulous patient with minimal invasive surgical technique with one-piece implant in elderly patients.

Keywords: One-piece Implants; Edentulous patient; Rehabilitation; Flapless surgery; Minimal invasive technique


Introduction


The use of conventional implants in the rehabilitation of edentulous space has been discussed extensively in the literature [1-4]. However, conventional implant systems may be limited or inapplicable in restoring some edentulous spaces due to various anatomical reasons. One of such reason is insufficient space between adjacent edentulous teeth for the use of a conventional implant which makes implant placement impossible [4,5-7]. In these situations, an alternative implant system for the restoration of such cases is required.

The One-Piece implants help in restoring edentulous spaces that previously cannot be restored with conventional implants; it also encourages the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques which encourage maximum tissue preservation [8,9].

One-Piece implant offers a unique monobloc design that integrates both implant and superstructure, for a quick, simple one-stage procedure. Implants are specifically engineered for use in narrow ridges and tight spaces [10]. They are time effective as they eliminate the need for second stage surgery, mucosal healing period, and decrease patient exposure to additional pain and discomfort. The innovative geometries and advanced surface morphology of the implant offer high initial stability [11,12]. One Piece implants are less invasive and can be immediately loaded in case of good bone quality, or progressively loaded in case of less than ideal bone quality.

One Piece implant provides simple treatment sequence at lower cost and it offers the possibility to treat elderly people for example with minimal invasive implant placement (Flapless implant surgery) technique.

Flapless implant placement technique otherwise called minimally invasive procedure can be performed free hand, by using guided surgery or custom fabricated surgical guides made of casts taken at the first patient visit. This procedure, when applicable, provides patients and doctors with another treatment approach. Several clinical papers reported excellent short- and long-term survival rates (of about 98.7% at 2 years) for implants placed using flapless or minimally invasive approaches with the option of delivering immediately a pre-fabricated temporary prosthesis [13,14].

In term of implant prosthodontics, technical complexity is minimized with One-Piece implants by reducing the number of components required, which also means that less treatment time is required. Patients benefit from having implants placed flapless and loaded immediately [14-16].

The following case report describes procedures where OnePiece implants were used to rehabilitate severely atrophied edentulous mandible in an elderly patient.


Case Presentations


Patient is a 91-year-old patient with an ill-fitted removable prosthesis who was not happy with her prosthesis and wanted an improved treatment modality in the mandible. Patient’s family was afraid of implant placement because of the age of the patient. Following complete medical examination, patient was found to be in a good health & after clinical examination; the possibility of implants treatment was discussed (Figure 1).

At the first appointment, A CBCT radiograph was taken to check if there was enough bone for implant placement, found to be satisfactory, as follows;

Patient imaging and case planning (Figure 2)

a) Duplication of the mandibular complete denture was encountered utilizing a radio-opaque material to construct radiographic stents for the patient.

b) Patient was imaged using cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT scans) through a cone beam CT machine (CBCT, i-CAT Vision)*. Each patient was instructed to bite on a piece of cotton to achieve adequate jaw separation. Finally, the resultant image was obtained as a DICOM file. c) The images were processed using specialized image processing software (Blue Sky implant software)**.

d) Virtual implants were placed in the planned positions of available bone. Then, a solid block was modelled & guiding holes denoting the implant direction were opened into the block.

a. The surgical stent was sterilized chemically*** to be used during surgery.

b. The patient was instructed to take a prophylactic antibiotic preoperatively**** and to rinse with chlorohexidine mouth wash***** four hours before surgery.

*Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, Pa, USA.
** Blue Sky Bio, LLC
***Micro 10, A.B. Pharma.
****Augmentin 625mg Beecham, MUP.
*****Listerine mouthwash, USA


Surgical procedures

a) The entire surgical armamentarium was autoclaved.

b) The surgical places as well as the circumoral tissues were also disinfected by wiping them with antiseptic solution*

c) Using 4% articaine anaesthetic solution**, Buccal & Lingual infiltration anaesthesia was applied.

d) Osteotomy sites for the implants were performed using a pilot drill of 2 mm diameter & a final drill for coronal flaring.


Implant insertion

a) The sterile box of the implant*** was unwrapped, and then the inner vial was also opened & the implant osteotomy was washed thoroughly using sterile saline solution.

b) The sterile implant was introduced into its site by screwing it using moderate finger pressure [self-tapping] once resistance was felt, the ratchet wrench was adapted to the abutment and the screwing process was continued. one-piece implants of 3,5mm diameter and 14mm length were inserted flapless in positions 31, 32, 41 and 42 with a torque of 50N. One Piece implants (Figure 3) are machined in grade 23 titanium with a hydroxyapatite/beta tricalcium phosphate surface (HA/BTCP), the implant can be used to create single restorations in situations where high primary stability is achieved on placement.

The axial implants are generally intended for the anterior part of the mandible or the maxilla where there is sufficient bone height. They allow bi-cortical or even tricortical anchorage and provide good stability, even in medium-dense bone.

*Listerine mouthwash, USA
**Ubestesin, 3M ESPE, Germany.
***ROOTT Compressive Dental Implant, TRATE AG,
Switzerland.


Restorative procedures

a) After the implant placement, an addition silicone impression was taken, and bite registration was made in the usual manner.

b) After completing Try-in stage and receiving the final prosthesis from the laboratory, bar was cemented, and the lower prosthesis was delivered. (Figure 4 & 5) Then, a postoperative Panoramic radiograph was made to verify accurate treatment plan (Figure 6).

Post-operative follow-up Phase: (Figure 7)

The patient was seen for follow-up and oral hygiene measures as well as measuring patient’s satisfaction every single week for the first three months, then every 6 months for the following 5 years of assessment.

Discussion

One-Piece implants facilitate oral rehabilitation and accelerate tooth replacement procedure [8,17]. The implant permits minimally invasive surgical techniques with a simpler treatment sequence at lower costs [12].

When compared to conventional implants, One Piece implants are cost-effective, they eliminate the need for cover screws, healing abutments, subsequent separate implant attachments or separate implant abutments [12,17].

In the above cases, One Piece implants (TRATE.AG, ROOTT.ch, compressive implants) were used. These are single component implants with a compression thread. The special compressive thread produces compression when inserted into the cancellous bone, thereby creating a layer of cortical bone around the implant which allows immediate loading with high primary stability. The abutment direction on the implant can be adjusted up to 15°relative to the implant axis.

The compressive One-Piece implant can be used to restore single crowns and anterior cemented bridges, or multiple unit restorations with immediate loading in the upper and lower jaws with adequate bone tissue. It can also be used in combination with a conventional implant and it allows flap and flapless placement. The implants insertion is like that of crestal implants, with a recommended minimum torque of 35 N/cm.

Conclusion

The presented case reports show the functional restoration of an edentulous patient with minimal invasive surgical technique with One Piece implant in elderly patients. Rehabilitation of seemingly difficult edentulous cases was achieved within a short period of time.

Conflict of Interest

This clinical study was self-funded by the authors, with no conflict of interest.

References

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